Natural gas is one of the most widely used energy source. Similarly to carbon or oil, the genesis of natural gas is related to biochemical and geochemical prcesses of creatures perished millions of years before. Natural gas can be widely found in sedimentary rocks and in volcanic rocks as well.
Due to safety regulations mercaptan is added to natural gas to give natural gas a special smell, so that gas leakage can be recognized at once to avoid severe accidents related to gas leakage.
Mercaptan is usually added to natural gas via the national gas transporting systems.
Natural gas is a highly calorific, colorless, and odorless gas with excellent utility parameters. It is a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons and non-flammable substances (mainly nitrogen and carbon dioxide) with high methane content.
Without exaggeration, natural gas is a truly environment-friendly fuel because gases produced by burning this substance contain practically no solid particles (fly ashes) or sulfur oxides, and the content of other harmful substances, such as CO and NOx, is much lower compared to other fuel types.
Natural gas contains pure energy that brings the heating comfort to households 24 hours a day, seven days a week, 365 days a year.
The energy in natural gas can be very easily and efficiently regulated and used to the maximum.
The specific characteristics of natural gas and its extensive applications have had an important effect on current trends in heating technology, where energy costs and heat savings are some of the key topics. Thanks to all these aspects, natural gas can be regarded as the economical, ecological, and prospective fuel for the 21st century.
Recently, natural gas has found its way into the transport industry where it is successfully replacing traditional fuels. Unlike gasoline and diesel fuel, engines driven by natural gas produce minimal amounts of pollutants.
MAIN ADVANTAGES OF NATURAL GAS:
Natural gas is the only biological fuel that can be transported to customers without energy transformation and costly processing.
- Transmission and distribution systems are unaffected by climatic changes.
- Natural gas is available to customers with no restrictions 24 hours a day, 365 days a week.
- Customers need no fuel storage space.
- Gas appliances are easy to operate and control.
- Natural gas is the most ecological non-renewable source of energy.
- Natural gas is a biological mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons with a dominant content of methane (CH4) and variable amount of non-hydrocarbon gases (especially inert gases).